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10 Verses of Quran That Define The Complete Structure of An Islamic Society

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Islam does not encourage its followers becoming hermits and living a stoic life. Rather, Islam is a religion of society and encourages the establishment and sustaining of a society in which the members of the society interact and cooperate with each other. Islam wants its followers to live within the society and while staying there, make the existence useful for the members of the society.

The Islamic society can clearly be distinguished from any other society in the world. It has certain characteristic attributes that differentiate it from the rest of the societies of the world and the identity of a Muslim society is universal and Muslims from different parts of the world can easily form and adjust in an Islamic society, regardless of their cultural differences.
The lines below discuss the verses of Quran that describe the major attributes of an Islamic society.
1. Belief in Allah:
Perhaps the most rudimentary element that can easily be found in an Islamic society is the belief in Allah. the reason why an Islamic society is different from the rest of the societies of the world is the fact that this society is build on the foundation of Islam, which is a religion sent down by Allah. Thus, adopting Islamic structure of society does not mean anything if it is void of belief in Allah. As Allah says in Quran:
belief in Allah and society
“O you who believe! Fear God as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam.” (3:102)
2. Justice And Balance:
The first thing that will be present in an Islamic society is justice and balance. Before the advent of Islam the Arab society was living in darkness where there was neither any justice nor any balance in the society and all that was there for them was the rule of jungle where the fittest survived. However, when it comes to the establishment of an Islamic society, Allah tells Muslims to establish justice and balance in the society. This teaching is mentioned in Quran in the following way:
Verses of Quran
“Thus have we made of you an Ummah justly balanced, that you might be witnesses over the nations, and the Apostle a witness over yourselves…..” (2:143)
Therefore, the first element to be present in a Muslim society is justice and balance among its people.
3. Brotherhood:
Another element that needs to be present in a Muslim society is unity. There are countries and nations in the world, which are created on the bases of the cultural or racial divide that exists between them. However, when one speaks of the Muslim Ummah, there is no divide and segregation between the members of the Ummah. Regardless of whatever cultural or racial background one has, once one is the member of an Islamic society, all are equal and there is no differentiation between them. As Allah says in Quran:
10 verses of Quran
“Verily, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I am your lord and cherisher. Therefore, fear me (and no other).” (23:52)
4. Consultation:
Islam believes in considering the opinion of everyone. Regardless of whatever the system of ruling in the society is, Islam wants its authorities to reach a decision after consultation and no personal or single opinion or judgment is encouraged in Islam. Therefore, whether it is taking the opinion of people by asking them, or taking the learned people into consideration, Islam wants its members of society to reach decisions of collective benefit after proper consultation with each other. As Allah says in Quran:
Complete Structure
“And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is (determined by) consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” (42:38)
Therefore, a Muslim society conducts its processes and decisions after proper consultation and everyone has a right to give their opinion.
5. No Compulsion In Religion:
Although it is the duty of an Islamic society to create and provide such an environment where Muslims are able to practice Islam easily and they get to live by Islam in a way they want to, however, an Islamic society has no right to force other people from other religion to live by Islam in an Islamic society. There is no compulsion on people of other religion to leave the way they live and shape their living to Islam. Therefore, it is imperative that an Islamic society does not force people of other religion to accept Islam or live according to Islam. As Allah says in Quran:
islamic society and complete structure
“…there is no compulsion in the matter of religion.” (2:256)
6. Commending Good:
Although it  seems an understood thing, however, for a Muslim society the commendation of good is not an option, rather it is one of the requisites for an Islamic society. When a society becomes Islamic, it needs to commend goodness and encourage people to do good. As Allah says in Quran:
Society complete structure
“You are the best Ummah raised up for people: you enjoin good and forbid evil and you believe in Allah.” (3:110)
7. Forbidding Evil:
As imperative it is for an Islamic society to encourage the doing of good among people, it is equally imperative for them to forbid evil as well. An Islamic society needs to establish Islamic law as per which the members of the society are stopped from falling the way of evil. Moreover, the detestation and forbiddance of evil in general is something, which the members of an Islamic society must have in them. The same ayah of Quran as above can be quoted for this purpose:
Muslim society and quran
“….. you enjoin good and forbid evil and you believe in Allah.” (3:110)
8. Not Disputing:
In addition to the fact that the Muslim society exists in the form of a brotherhood where there is no segregation among the members, an Islamic society also needs to eliminate factors that harm the unity and cause damage to it. One of such elements that needs not be present in an Islamic society is the element of dispute. Quran says about it in the following way:
islamic society and quran
“….And dispute not one with another, lest you get weak-hearted and your power depart, and be steadfast. Surely Allah is with the steadfast.” (8:46)
Islam does not want its followers to be extremists of fanatics in any sense. Rather it preaches them the message of moderation and wants its followers to conduct their business by being moderate in their approach. Moreover, Islam detests going beyond the boundaries even in the case of fighting with those who fight the Islamic society. This message of staying in limits is evident from the following ayah of Quran:
Islamic society and quran definition
“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors.” (2:190)
Gender Equality:
Although Islam is accused of causing women oppression, however, if one sees the true preaching of Islam and the concept of Islamic society, then one immediately knows that women have equality in an Islamic society and they in no way can be oppressed by men, therefore, in an Islamic society there is to be gender equality in every respect.  As Allah says in Quran:
society and structure
“Whoso does good whether male or female, and is a believer, shall enter Paradise and they shall not be wronged a whit.” (4:124)
In short, an Islamic society is an ideal society or the next thing to utopia that a particular group of people can create in this world. The need of the time is that the world in general and Muslims in particular understand the true concept of an Islamic society and create a community where people cooperate with each other and there is justice and peace among its members.
Source: 10 Verses of Quran That Define The Complete Structure Of An Islamic Society | Islamic Articles

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The Most Misinterpreted Verses of Quran

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I often wonder if Islamophobes and Islamic extremists realize that they are just different sides of the same coin. [Written by Theresa Corbin]
They both promote fear and hatred of large groups of diverse peoples. Both groups wish to sweep as many people up in their seriously dangerous causes. They both want war, and use any manner and means to get it, including promoting a distorted view of Islam. They take verses out of context and employ weak or questionable hadith (sayings, actions, or approvals of the Prophet) to reach their own political ends.
If I have one hope for society, it would be that these groups can go off and deal with each other and leave the rest of us, the majority of us, to live in peace and cooperation, free from their detrimental rabble-rousing. I hear that Antarctica is nice this time of year. Maybe they can snuggle up together for warmth and find some common ground in the fact that we are all human beings.
What follows is a sampling of Quranic verses reductionists and hate mongers love to take out of context. Now put back into context.
quran misintepretation graphic
1. Qur’an 5:51—O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.
In this verse, the words “Awliya”- plural- or “wali” –singular- has been (badly) translated as “friends” or “friend”; however, the more appropriate translation would be a “guardian, protector, or advocate”. Muslims are to be advocates and protectors for each other. And friends with everyone.
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was kind to the pagans of Mecca and fought them only when they fought him. He made treaties with the Jews of Madinah and honored the treaties until they broke them. He received the Christians of Najran with kindness in Madinah. They argued with him about Islam, but he treated them with honor and respect. 1

2.  Qur’an 8:12— Remember thy Lord inspired the angels (with the message): “I am with you: give firmness to the Believers: I will instil terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers: smite ye above their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them.”
This verse was revealed about the Battle of Badr. The pagans of Mecca travelled more than 200 miles to Madinah with an army of about 1000 to kill the Muslims who numbered around 300. The Prophet Muhammad and fellow Muslims had suffered severe persecution, torture and even murder of their brethren for 13 years in the city of Mecca at the hands of these very same pagans.
And once the Muslims had fled Mecca and found a sanctuary in the city of Madinah, they were followed by the pagans of Mecca. By this verse God gave the order to Muslims to fight to defend their lives and faith, as they had previously been forbidden from defending themselves. 2
Another verse in the same chapter (8:61) that is often overlooked states:
But if the enemy incline towards peace, you (also) incline towards peace, and trust in God: for He is One that hears and knows (all things).
Another oft-ignored verse is Qur’an 2:190:
Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah does love not transgressors. 

quran.karim by lechistani
quran.karim by lechistani

3. Qur’an 9:29—Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the Religion of Truth, from among the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizyah (tax) with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
4. Qur’an 9:73O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.
These verses are also historical in context. They are about the Battles of Mu’tah and Tabûk.
These verse were in reference to The Byzantine Empire instigating war against the Muslims. They murdered an ambassador of the Prophet (pbuh), who was carrying a message to the ruler of Busra. The Chosroe of Persia even ordered his commander in Yemen to kill the Prophet, and they mobilized their forces to fight the Prophet. The Muslims confronted them. 3 & 4
There are many people who throw hissy fits about theJizyah (a tax on non-Muslims living under the protection of a Muslim authority), mentioned in 9:29, saying that it is discriminatory. But the truth is that Muslims are not exempt from taxes, they just go by a different term.
The tax collected from non-Muslims is only imposed on adult males. It exempts them from military service; affords them protection under the law; and freedom to practice their religion. And Muslim taxes go to welfare programs.
Also, in the same chapter (9) Verse 6 God tells the Muslims:
And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah. Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.

5. Qur’an 9:111—Surely Allah has bought of the believers their persons and their property for this, that they shall have the garden; they fight in Allah’s way, so they slay and are slain.
But they omit the rest of the verse:
[It is] a true promise [binding] upon Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? So rejoice in your transaction which you have contracted. And it is that which is the great attainment.
Why would they leave off the part about this promise being found in the Torah and the Bible?
This verse again, is applicable to the Muslims during the time of the Prophet – historical Muslims – who were terrified of fighting in the battles to defend themselves because they were out numbered. 4.2
God bolstered their bravery by assuring them that they would be rewarded.

outnumbered and out- sworded
outnumbered and out-sworded

6. Qur’an 9:123—O you who believe! fight those of the unbelievers who are near to you and let them find in you hardness; and know that Allah is with those who guard (against evil).
This verse is speaking about the hypocrites who were among the Muslims in the time of the Prophet (pbuh).The “unbelievers who are near you” were, in actuality, non-Muslims posing as Muslims who sought to corrupt the believing Muslims from within. The instruction was to fight them (here, “fight” means to resist the hypocrites’ skepticism, as we will see in the next verse) without preferential treatment for the social or economic standing. 5
The next verse (9:124) calls them what they really are:
And whenever a new chapter is revealed some of thehypocrites ask the believers (in jest): “Whose faith has increased because of this?” As for those who believe, it will certainly increase their faith, and they are joyful over that.
7. Qur’an 48:29—Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves.
Once again the “disbelievers” in the verse refers to those who persecuted and attacked the Muslims. This is not a verse directing Muslim to just go out and just be awful to non-Muslims. 6
In fact there is a lot in the Quran and hadith collections that command Muslims to be compassionate and kind to all of God’s creation. One such hadith states:Whoever is deprived of gentleness is deprived of all good. (Muslim, Abu Dawood)
It is also reported by Abu Dawood (a hadith collection) that the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Beware!  Whoever is cruel and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or curtails their rights, or burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes anything from them against their free will; I (Prophet Muhammad) will complain against the person on the Day of Judgement.”
Be nice
8. Qur’an 98:6—Verily, those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures.
One of the basic teachings of Islam is that God does not have a favorable opinion of those who knowinglydeny His right to be worshiped alone (as He alone is responsible for our creation, our sustenance, and our judgement) and reject any of His messengers.
This is not to say that there will be conveyor belts for each religion, and we just jump on and go to either Heaven or Hell according to what we call ourselves. Each person will be judged based on their understanding of God’s message, as well as his or her capability and intentions to follow the path to God as best he or she could.
Muslims are not allowed to say that someone will go to hell just because they call themselves a Christian, Jew, or Polytheist. Muslims are not allowed to speak without knowledge. And each person’s destination in the Hereafter is known only to God.
It is interesting to note that some people of different faiths insist on telling everyone who does not go to their specific place of worship that they will certainly be going to Hell (knowledge they do not have). But when they see this verse, they are upset by it.
9. Qur’an 5:101-102—O ye who believe! Ask not questions about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if ye ask about things when the Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you, Allah will forgive those: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing. Some people before you did ask such questions, and on that account lost their faith.
This is in reference to those who asked useless questions about revelation. If all their questions were answered, it would have made the duties of faith more specific and, therefore, more difficult to perform. There is mercy in leaving questions alone and specifics unspecified. 7
In Chapter 2 of the Qur’an, when the Children of Israel were told to slaughter a cow, they began to ask useless questions about what type of cow. All the questions were answered to the point that it became very difficult for them to find such a cow. If they had not asked, any cow would have been acceptable.
Useless, petty questions are just a stalling tactic; ask any mother or teacher. But asking honest, sincere questions to clarify matters of faith is, in fact, encouraged.
dumb questions
Every prophet faced people wanting to kill him and his followers. The Prophet Muhammad was no different in facing enemies. However, the Muslims were not only establishing a faith, they were establishing a nation. And because of this, the Muslims, after years of persecution in Mecca, were permitted to defend their lives, their faith, and their nation from attack. Just like any other person or nation has the right to do.
However, even in war, Islam demands that morals be upheld. Muslims are forbidden form killing children, women, the old, the infirm or any one who is not fighting against them. Even combatants have rights. (“I”SIS must have skipped this class) Rules of engagement here: http://www.islam101.com/rights…
There is a certain methodology to interpreting the Quran that God speaks about in the Quran itself (that Islamophobes and Extremists dismiss). The Quran, in several places, warns its reader about distorting its meaning, concealing parts of it, or using it for ones own personal/worldly/political gains. In these verses, God is warning Islamophobes and Extremist alike. Because, as we well know, distorting religious texts has disastrous effects.
Indeed, they who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and exchange it for a small price – those consume not into their bellies except the Fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them. And they will have a painful punishment. 2:174

How to Understand the Quran
How to Understand the Quran

Quranic Delusions of Terrorists
Egypt’s grand mufti on ugly distortions of Islam masking a hunger for power and bloodshed. By Sjawki Allam
Terrorist groups who flagrantly use religion as a cloak to cover up acts of violent extremism cannot hide their serious ideological flaws. These reveal the warped logic and ill-informed and unauthentic sourcing from religious texts as they try to justify what in reality is an insatiable desire for power, control and bloodshed.

The first ideological flaw is related to the terror groups’ abominable crimes against the Quran and hadith, or reports of prophetic statements, when they take the Quranic verses and the Prophet’s words out of context and imbue them with savage meanings. The terrorists are totally ignorant and incapable of comprehending the Quran and hadith or the objectives of Islamic law and its principles.

As a result, the words of God in the Quran or of the Prophet—which should fill hearts of believers with peace and mercy and reverence for religion—are replaced with ugly distortions that fill hearts with repulsion and fear. The radicals willfully misquote or misuse Quranic verses, and then hold tight to their deviant interpretations.

These groups have the audacity to dismiss any Quranic verses that don’t fit their claims. They declare unilateral war against both Muslims and non-Muslims who don’t share their barbarous mentality. They completely disregard the Quranic conception of human brotherhood and peaceful relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.

For example, in the Quran, God says, “O Mankind. We created you from a single pair of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted with all things” (49:13).

The Quran urges the embrace of people from different religious affiliations, cultural backgrounds and racial origins. Yet the radical groups insist that anyone who rejects their extremist ideology is a legitimate target who may be killed. This lunacy stands in total contrast to the clear Quranic message in which God says, “If anyone kills a person, it is as if he kills all mankind while if anyone saves a life it is as if he saves the lives of all mankind” (5:32).

Second, the radicals narrow the concept of jihad and restrict it to combat and slaughter while claiming that such distortions represent the jihad legislated by God. The truth is that jihad, in essence, is the human endeavor of striving to improve the individual and the society and to bring life closer to the divine model. The extremists have made physical jihad an end in itself, when in fact it is one means of seeking individual spiritual understanding of God’s path for us, or guidance.

Whenever jihad deviates from this goal it backfires, becoming a means of outright harm that repels people from God’s religion. The extremists cannot declare “jihad” on behalf of 1.5 billion Muslims. Simply put, the declaration of armed struggle is the prerogative of the ruler of the state or his deputy. These terrorist groups, as nonstate actors, are not allowed to declare it.

Third, it is delusional for these terrorists to think that those who were killed in the line of “duty” are considered martyrs and will be rewarded with paradise. The terrorists who are killed aren’t considered martyrs according to Islamic law, even if they considered their act to be a form of jihad, had sincere intentions and were acting out of ignorance. Good intentions don’t justify illegal acts—and it is totally prohibited by Islam to kill innocent people. Thus terrorist acts like 9/11 in the U.S., 7/7 in London or any other similar horrendous attacks are sheer murder and have nothing to do with jihad.

In sum, the noble form of physical jihad—which is waged by legitimate state authorities to fend off aggression and establish justice—has nothing to do with the supposed jihad of these terrorists, who practice nothing more than the ruthless mass murder of innocents. Jihad is a war fought with honor and guided with moral codes of conduct.

Since terrorist groups have the audacity to interpret from the Quran selectively to suit their own agendas, their deviant ideology must be debunked by intellectual responses. The fight will be stronger with the help of the international media and academia in publishing and broadcasting the voices of authentic Muslim scholars who can counter the extremists’ false claims and their warped interpretation of the Quran.
Dr. Allam is the grand mufti of Egypt.

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